The GMO Debate – What Do Greeners Think?
Initiative Measure Number 522 (I-522) is an initiative proposed in the General Election on Nov. 5. The initiative would require “most raw agricultural commodities, processed foods, and seeds and seed stocks if produced using genetic engineering, as defined, to be labeled as genetically engineered when offered for retail sale”, according to the Washington State voters guide.
The Washington State Office of Financial Management has predicted that the total cost of enacting I-522 would be just over three million dollars, with the cost spreading out between 2013 and 2019.
The initiative defines genetically engineered foods as foods that have been genetically altered through “the direct injection of nucleic acid into cells or organelles” and the fusion of different cells that do not belong to the same taxonomic family that does not occur naturally.
The Washington State Academy of Sciences, a third-party organization that strives towards unbiased scientific research, finds that there is no statistically significant long- term health risks from genetically engineered or modified foods, but admits that most of the tests were short-term tests and did not primarily focus on the potential toxicology of genetically engineered or modified foods.
European Union, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea
Estimated Cost of I-522 to Washington State through
Foods in restuarants, alcoholic beverages, certified organic foods, many processed foods (until 2019), meat that is fed GM products
Percentage of processed foods that contain GM ingredients in the U.S:
Percentage of soybean and corn crops grown in the U.S. that is GM:
First GM food in America:
The Flavr Savr® Tomato
New GM foods to be on the market in the near future:
Artic® Apples, Golden Rice, Fast-Growing Salmon
SOURCE: WASHINGTON STATE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WHITE PAPER ON WASHINGTON STATE INITIATIVE 522
By Issac Scott and Ray Still